Nutrients intake and digestibility of growing and fattening Uda sheep fed graded levels of ginger in semi-arid Nigeria
Keywords:Nutrients intake, Digestibility, Ginger, Uda sheep, Semi-arid, Nigeria
Two separate experiments were conducted at Usmanu Danfodiyo University Livestock Teaching and Research Farm to assess intake and digestibility of nutrients for growing and fattening Uda sheep fed graded level of ginger (Zingiber officinale) in semi-arid region of Nigeria. In each experiment, fifteen intact male animals with an average weight of 17 and 21.4 kg respectively, were allocated to three treatment diets in a completely randomized Experimental Design (CRD) replicated five times. Experimental diets containing 0 (control), 2.5 g/kg (treatment 2) and 5.0 g/kg (treatment 3) were formulated separately for each experiment. Each experiment lasted for 90 days feeding trial and three weeks digestibility trial. Results indicated that, for growing animals (experiment 1), ginger inclusion has an overall negative effect on nutrients intake and digestibility (P<0.05). However, for fattening animals (experiment 2), intake and digestibility were affected (P<0.05) when ginger inclusion exceeds 2.5%. It was concluded that ginger inclusion had a negative effect on intake and digestibility of growing animals and on fattening animals above 2.5%.
A.O.A.C., 1990. Association of official analytical chemists. Official Methods of Analysis (15thed ). A.O.A.C, Arlington, Virginia., 1, 845.
Adanlawo, I.G., Dairo, F.A.S., 2007. Nutrient and anti-nutrient constituents of ginger (Zingiberofficinale, Roscoe) and the influence of its ethanol extract on some serum enzymes in Goats. Int. J. Biochem., 1(1), 38 – 46.
ARC (Agricultural Research Council), 1994. The nutrient requirements of ruminants livestock. Common Wealth Agricultural Bureau, Farnham Royal, England., 351.
Baile, C.A., Forbes, J.M., 1974. Control of feed intake and regulation of energy balance in ruminants. Physiol. Rev., 151, 160.
Balch, C.C., Campling, R.C., 1992. Regulation of voluntary food intake in ruminants nutrition. Abstr. Rev., 32, 699.
Butter, N.L., Dawson, J.M., Buttery, P.J., 1999. Effect of dietary tannins of ruminants. In: Secondary plant products. Caygill, J.C., Mueller-Harvey, I. (eds.). Nottingham, Nottingham University Press, 51–70.
Cardozo, P.W., Calsamiglia, S., Ferret, A., Kamel, C., 2006. Effects of alfalfa extract anise, capsicum, and a mixture of cinnamaldehyde and eugenol on ruminal fermentation and protein degradation in beef heifers fed a high concentrate diet. J. Anim. Sci., 84, 2801–2808.
Conrad, H.R., 1996. Physiological and physical factor limiting feed intake. J. Anim. Sci., 25, 227.
Greathead, H., 2003. Plants and plants extracts for improving animal productivity. Proceed. Nutr. Soc., 62, 279–290.
Huston, J.E., Pinchak, W.E., 1995. Range animal nutrition. In: Rodney K.H., Jerry (Eds.), W.S., Grazing Management. An ecological perspective. Retrieved from http.wwww.//malnutrition.com
Kraszewski, J.,Wawrzynczak, S., Wawrzynski, M., 2002. Effect of herb feeding on cow performance, milk nutritive value and technological suitability of milk for processing. Ann. Anim. Sci., 2(1), 147–158.
Lambourn, A.K., Mosi, Butterworth, M.H., 1986. Relationship between chemical composition and voluntary intake of feeds by sheep and cattle. In: DeRidder, N., Van Keulen, H., Seligman, N.G., Neate (eds), P.T.H., Proceedings of the ILCA/ARO/CABO Workshop held at ARO, Bet Dagan. Isreal., 5-9 Febuary.
Mamman, A.B., Oyebanji, J.O., Peter, S.W., 2000. Nigerian: A people united, a future assured (Survey of State). Gabumo publishing Co. Ltd, Calabar, Nigeria, 2.
McDonald, P.R.A. Edward, Green Halgh, J.F., 1995. Animal nutrition (5th Ed), Longman group Lt. London and Basignstoke. 212.
McDonald, P.R.A. Edward, Green Halgh, J.F., Morgan, C.A., 2002. Animal nutrition (7th Edition), peason education Ltd. Essex, London 693.
Muhammad Javed, Fazil-Raziq Durrani, Abdul Hafeez, Rifatullah Khan, Ijaz Ahmad, 2009. Effects of aqueous extract of plant mixture on carcass quality of broiler chicks. Research Publishing Network (ARPN). J. Agr. Bio. Sci., 4(1), 37-40.
Muhammad, N., Tukur, H.M., Maigandi, S.A., Daneji, A.I., 2011. Performance and cost of production of fattening Uda sheep fed diets containing different energy levels in a semi-arid Environment. Int. J. App. Agr. Apicul. Res., 7(1,2), 79-85.
SAS, 2002. Star-view statistical package (English Version). Statistical Analysis System, SAS Inc. New York.
SEPP, 1996. Sokoto environmental protection program. Meteorological date unpublished.
Steel, R.G.D., Torrie, J.H., 1980. Principal and procedure of statistics. (2nd Ed) McGraw. Hill book company Inc. New York.
Van Soest, P.J., 1982. Nutritional ecology of the ruminant. Comstock, Cornell University Press. Ithaca, NY Waghorm G.C., Jones, W.T., Shelton, I.D., McNabb, W.C., 1990. Considered tannins and the nutritive value of herbage. Proceedings of the New Zealand Grassland Association, 51, 171-176.
Wawrzynczak, S., Kraszewski, J., Wawrzynski, M., Kozlowski, J., 2000. Effect of herb mixture feeding on rearing performance of calves, Ann. Anim. Sci., 27(3), 133–142.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Nasiru Muhammad, H.M. Tukur, S.A. Magandi, H.I. Abdulqadir, U. Ifesinachi, M. Abubakar, C.U. Ezimuo, M.G. Garba, L.A. Saulawa, A. Yusuf
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.