Role of garlic in dyslipidemia: an evidence based review


  • F. Jahan Associate Professor, Chair Family Medicine department. Oman Medical College, Oman
  • K. Nanji Epidemiologist, Sr. InstructorDepartment of Family Medicine, Aga Khan University Hospital. Oman
  • W. Qidwai Professor and ChairmanDepartment of Family Medicine, Aga Khan University Hospital. Oman


Garlic Dyslipidemia, Lipid lowering agent, Cardiovascular disease


Rapidly growing morbidity and mortality due to heart disease is a great concerned for scientist. Among the etiology of atherosclerosis, dyslipidemia is a major risk factor. Garlic has active ingredients of allium sativum used in high blood pressure management. Garlic has been used as a therapeutic agent for many illnesses such as hypertension, dyslipidemia and cardiovascular diseases. Evidence from various studies and clinical trials proved the efficacy of garlic to reduce lipid level.However, some contradictory results are also reported. This review was undertaken to assess the role of garlic therapy in dyslipidemia. Major databases including Google, PubMed, MEDLINE, and Cochrane library view were used for literature search. Clinical trials conducted on humans assessing role of garlic therapy in dyslipidemia and the possible mechanisms responsible for such therapeutic actions were assessed. Several trials and meta-analyses have suggested positive effect of garlic on total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein (LDL), high density lipoprotein (HDL) and triglycerides (TG). This review on garlic therapy in dyslipidemia suggests that it reduces elevated cholesterol to a modest extent.


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How to Cite

F. Jahan, K. Nanji, & W. Qidwai. (2020). Role of garlic in dyslipidemia: an evidence based review. Scientific Journal of Biological Sciences, 4(5). Retrieved from



Review Article