Promoting micro livestock farming to enhance animal product supply in Sub Saharan Africa

Authors

  • N. Assan Zimbabwe Open University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Agriculture Management, Bulawayo Region, Box 3550, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe

Keywords:

Micro livestock, Animal Products, Food Security, Sub Saharan Africa

Abstract

In Sub Saharan Africa the demand for food of animal origin is growing much faster than production due to improved health education, higher income per capita and ever increasing population growth. Production of animal products has been outpaced with the dramatic increase in human population. This has necessitated increased production through engaging or production of alternative sources of animal protein. The discussion suggest the utilization of micro livestock species as a feasible option to meet the animal product demand. Owing to the pace at which populations are growing, in many Sub Saharan African countries livestock products will be beyond the reach of ordinary person, unless alternative sources of animal protein are sort. Micro livestock are likely to become increasingly important as a result of rapid increase in human population and urbanization. The space for raising conventional livestock have decreased and this scenario has called for keeping of smaller animals which are prolific. It is envisaged that serious consideration of micro livestock as one of the major component of the livestock production will alleviate protein deficiency in the majority of the population in the region.

References

Adekunle, A., 1978. Modern analysis economics. Aromolatan Publishing Company Limited, Ibadan, Nigeria. Pp 12-13.

Adinya, I.B. 2006. Snail Production: Extension Bulletin Guide. 1(1);1-3.

Adinya, I.B., Edet, D., Nyienakuma, M.G., Ikpi, G.U., 2011. Estimation of efficiency constraints using Cobb-Douglass Production Function in snail (Archachatina marginata) production by small farmers in Cross River State, Nigeria. J. Anim. Plant Sci. 21(2):274-282.

Afifi, E.A., Emara, M.E., 1988. Post weaning viability of pure bred and crossbred rabbits under Egyptian conditions. J. Appl. Rabbit Res. 1:38-41.

Akinnusi, O., 1998. Introduction to snail farming. Lagos Omega Science Publisher, Tinuose House, Nigeriapp 1-18.

Ayyat, M., Marai, I.FM., El-Sayiad, Gh.A., 1995. Genetic and non genetic factors affecting milk production and pre-weaning litter trait of New Zealand White does under Egyptian conditions. World Rabbit Science.3:119-124.

Frost, P.G.H., 2003. 1. Livelihoods and institutions: the socio-economics of Mopane worm. 2. Marketing of Mopane worms in southern Zimbabwe. Internal Annual Report 2002/2003: Mopane Woodlands and Mopane Worm: Enhancing rural livelihood and resource sustainability. DFID Project No. R7822. Minilivestock: Rural Mopane farming at the household level. University of Zimbabwe, Institute of Environmental Studies.

Gardiner, A., 2006. Mini-livestock: Rural Mopane worms farming at the household level. Internal Final report 2006: Mopane woodlands and Mopane Worm: Enhancing rural livelihood and resource sustainability. DFID Project No. R7822. Minilivestock: Rural Mopane farming at the household level.

Gondo, T., 2001. Mopane worm utilization and rural livelihoods. The case study of Matopo District, MSc, Thesis, Department of Rural and Urban Planning, Univesity of Zimbabwe.

Hardouin J, Thys E, Joiris V, Fielding D (2003). Mini-livestock breeding with indigenous species in the tropics. Liv. Res. Rural Dev. 15(4).

Hardouin, J., 1995. Mini-livestock: from gathering to controlled production. Biodiversity Consrvation 4:220- 232.

Henry, A.J., Ibe, S.N., Asuquo, B.O. 2012. Effect of weaning on growth and slaughter characteristics of grasscutter(Thryonomis swinderians) raised under intensive management in the humid tropics. J Agric. Sci. 4(12):232-242.

Juste, J., Fa, J.E., Perez, Del Val, J., Castrovie, J., 1995. Market dynamics of bush meat species in Equatorial Guinea. J. Appl. Eco. 32:454-467.

Leake, J., 2000. Britain fights to get bush meat off the menu. Sunday Times, London, April 9th 2000.

Leakey, R., 2009. Imparts of agricultural knowledge science and technology on development and sustainability goals. In Agriculture at a crossroads (eds: Mclntyre BD, Herren HR, Wakhungu J, Watson RT), pp 145-253. Washington, DC: Island Press.

McNitt, J.I., Lukefahr, S.D., 1996. Genetic and environmental parameters for post weaning growth traits of rabbits using an animal model. (pp. 325). In: Proc. Of the 1996 World Rabbit Science Association, World Rabbit Congress.

Saunders, D.A., 1997. Review of research findings applicable to dry communal areas of Zimbabwe. (IFAD Report N0. 0657-Zi). Comments on recommendations. SDARMP Technical Report 97/AR/02. Bulawayo, Zimbabwe: Smallholder Dry Areas Resource Management Project.

Smith, C., 1984. Rates of genetic change in farm livestock. Res. Dev. Agric. 1:79- 85.

Stewart, F., 1975. Employment, income distribution and development. Frankcass and company Limited. Pp1-157.

Taylor, F.W., 2003. Some aspect of innovation and traditional processing, storage and marketing of Mopane worm in Botswana. Internal Report: Mopane woodlands and Mopane worms:Enhancing rural livelihoods and resource sustainability., DFID Project NoR7822. Veld Products Research ans Development, Gaborone, Botswana.

Thornton, P.K., 2010. Livestock production: recent trends, future prospects. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. 365(1554):2853- 2867.

Thys, E., 2001. Survival strategy in urban context in Central Africa. Potential role of mini-livestock in poverty alleviation . Semestrial Bulletin of Information on mini-livestock (BEDIM) 10(2):11.

Vanzyl, A., Meyer, A.J., Merwe, V.M., 1999. The influence of fibre in the diet on growth rates and digestibility of nutrients in the greater can rat. (Thryonomis swinderians). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology. 123(2):129-135.

Xiccato, G., Trocino, A., Sartori, A., Queaque, P.I., 2000. Early weaning of rabbits: effect of age and diet on weaning and post weaning performance. In: Pro. 7th World Rabbit Congress (483-4900, Valencia, Spain.

Published

2013-12-29

How to Cite

Assan, N. . (2013). Promoting micro livestock farming to enhance animal product supply in Sub Saharan Africa. Scientific Journal of Biological Sciences, 2(12), 232-243. Retrieved from https://www.sjournals.com/index.php/sjbs/article/view/997

Issue

Section

Original Article