Survey of haemoparasitic infections in dairy cattle (Friesian breeds) at Nagari integrated dairy farms, Gauta-Nike village, Keffi local government area, Nasarawa state, North Central State of Nigeria


  • S. M. Abdullahi Veterinary Council of Nigeria (VCN), Maitama, Abuja, Nigeria
  • S. M. Abubakar Nagari Integrated Farms, Keffi Local Government Area, Nasarawa State, Nigeria
  • Y. I. dris Nagari Integrated Farms, Keffi Local Government Area, Nasarawa State, Nigeria
  • M. A. Alhaji Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine
  • I. Kabir Veterinary Clinics, Kusada Local Government Area, Katsina State, Nigeria


Cattle, Dairy, Haemoparasites, Nagari Integrated Farm, Nasarawa state, Nigeria


The study was conducted in October, 2012 where 50 dairy cattle (male and females) are kept on semi-intensive system of management were randomly selected. Blood samples were collected in an anticoagulant sample bottle and processed at the Parasitology laboratory of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Kaduna state of Nigeria for parasitological examination. Giemsa stained thin blood smears were examined for hemoparasites and Hematocrit Centrifuge Technique (HCT) was used to determine the presence of motile parasites. An overall prevalence of 90% (82% female and 8% male) was recorded for all samples examined, 21 (42%) were infected with Anaplasma marginale, Theileria mutans shows 20 (40%) prevalence and 4 (8%) were infected by Babesia bigemina. Mixed infection between Anaplasma marginale and Babesia bigemina revealed 2 (4%) while Anaplasma marginale and Theileria mutans was 7 (14%). There was a significant difference (P > 0.05) in infections caused by Anaplasma marginale, Babesia bigemina and Theileria mutans (Table 1) and also between sexes (Table 3), no significant difference (P < 0.05) between any of the mixed infections observed (Table 2). Hemoparasites are endemic in the cattle under study which may result in serious disease conditions when the animals are stressed.


Ajayi, S.A., Fabiyi, J.P., Umo, I., 1983. ClinicalAnaplasmosis and Babesiosis in Friesian cattle. World Anim. Rev., 36, 68-69.

Bell-sayki, L., Koney, E.B.M., Dogbey, O., Walker, A.R., 2004. Incidence and prevalence of tick-borne haemoparasites in domestic ruminants in Ghana. Veter. Parasitol., 124, 25-42.

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)., 2010. Scientific Opinion on Geographic distribution of Tick-borne Infections and their Vectors in Europe and the other Regions of the Mediterranean Basin., 1, J 8(9), 1723.

Enwezor, F.N.C., Umoh, I., Esievo, K.A.N., Halid, I., Zaria, L.T., Anere, J.I., 2009. Survey of bovine trypanosomosis in the Kachia Grazing Reserve,Kaduna State, Nigeria. Veter. Parasitol., 159 :121–125.

Holmes, P.H., Katunguka-Rwakishaya, E., Benninson, J.J., Wassink, G.J., Parkins, J.J., 2000. Impact of nutrition on the pathophysiology of bovine trypanasomiasis. Parasitol., 120, 73-85.

Hunfeld, K.P., Hildebrandt, U., Gray, J.S., 2008. Babesiosis: Recent insights into an ancient disease. Int. J. Para., 38(11), 1219-1237.

Kamani, J., Sannusi, A., Egwu, O.K., Dogo, G.I., Tanko, T.J., Kemza, S., Tafarki, A.E., Gbise, D.S., 2010. Prevalence and Significance of Haemoparasitic Infections of Cattle in North- Central, Nigeria. Veter.World., 3 (10), 445-448.

Kocan, K.M., DelaFuente, J., Guglielmone, A.A., Mendeleïev, R.D., 2003. Antigens and alternatives for control of Anaplasma marginale infection in cattle. Clin. Microbiol. Rev., 16, 698-712.

Leeflang, P., Ilemobade, A.A., 1977. Tick-borne diseases of domestic animals in Northern Nigeria II. Research summary, 1966–1976. Trop. Anim. Hlth Prod., 9, 211–218.

Lyam, A., 2000. Nasarawa State. In: (Mamman A.B., Oyebanji J.O. & Peters S.W. (eds)), Nigeria: A people united, a future assured. Survey of States, Vol. 2, 2, Federal Ministry of Information. Abuja., Pp. 28.

Marchette, N., Stiller, D., 1982. The Anaplasmataceae, Bartonellaceae and Rochalimaea Quintana, In: Marchette, N.J. (Ed.), Ecological Relationships and Evolution in the Rickettsiae, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA., Pp. 98-106.

Melendez, R.D., 2000. Future perspective on veterinary hemoparasite research in the tropic at the start of this century. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci., 916, 253–258.

Minjauw, B., McLeod, A., 2003. Tick-borne diseases and poverty, the impact of ticks and tick-borne diseases on the livelihood of small-scale and marginal livestock owners in India and eastern and southern Africa Research report, DFID Animal Health Programme, Centre for Tropical Veterinary Medicine, University of Edinburgh, UK., 16-19.

National Population Commission (NPC)., 2006. Census data of 2006, 67-68.

Norval, R.A.I., Obi, T.U., Anosa, V.O., 1980. Haematological studies on domestic animals in Nigeria IV. Clinico haematological features of bovine trypanosomiasis, theileriosis, anaplasmosis, eperythrozoonosis and helminthiasis. Zlblatt Vet. Med., B27,789–797.

Palmer, G.H., Brown, W.C., Rurangirwa, F.R., 2000. Antigenic variation in the persistence and transmission of the Ehrlichia spp., Anaplasma marginale. Microbes Infect., 2, 167-17.

Purnell, R.E., 1981. Babesiosis in various hosts In: M. Ristic and J.P. Kreier, Editors, Babesiosis, Academic Press. New York., pp. 25 – 63.

Stuen, S., Nevland, S., Moum, T., 2003. Fatal cases of tick-borne fever (TBF) in sheep caused by several 16S rRNA gene variants of Anaplasma phagocytophilum. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci., 990, 433 - 434.

Uilenberg, G., 1982. Disease problems associated with the importation of European cattle in the tropics. In proceedings 12th world congress on diseases of cattle. Amsterdam., 11. pp.1025.

Uilenberg, G., 2006. Babesia – A Historical Review. Vet. Para., 138, 3–10.

Walker, A.R., Bouattour, A., Camicas, J. L., EstradaPeña, A., Horak, I.G., Latif, A.A., Pegram, R.G., Preston, P.M., 2003. Ticks of domestic animals in Africa. A guide to identification of species. The University of Edinburgh. UK., pp.23 – 26.



How to Cite

M. Abdullahi, S., M. Abubakar, . S., I. dris, Y., A. Alhaji, M., & Kabir, I. . (2014). Survey of haemoparasitic infections in dairy cattle (Friesian breeds) at Nagari integrated dairy farms, Gauta-Nike village, Keffi local government area, Nasarawa state, North Central State of Nigeria. Scientific Journal of Veterinary Advances, 3(6), 77-82. Retrieved from



Original Article