Prevalence of haemoparasitic infections in dairy cattle (Friesian breeds) at nagari integrated dairy farms, Gauta-Nike village, Keffi local government area, Nasarawa state, north central of Nigeria
Keywords:Cattle;Dairy;Haemoparasites infection;Nagari integrated farm;Nasaraw;Nigeria
AbstractThe of prevalence ofhaemoparasites of cattle located in Nagari Integrated Farms, Gauta-NikeVillage, Keffi Local Government Area, Nasarawa State, Nigeria was conducted inOctober 2012 where 50 Friesian cattle (male and females) are kept on intensivesystem of management were randomly selected. Blood samples were collected in ananticoagulant sample bottle and submitted to the Parasitology Laboratory ofFaculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Kaduna state ofNigeria for parasitological examination. Giemsa stained thin blood smears wereexamined for hemoparasites and Hematocrit Centrifuge Technique (HCT) was usedto determine the presence of motile parasites. An overall prevalence of 90%(82% female and 8% male) was recorded for all samples examined, 21 (42%) wereinfected with Anaplasma marginale, Theileria mutans shows 20 (40%) prevalenceand 4 (8%) were infected by Babesia bigemina. Mixed infection between Anaplasmamarginale and Babesia bigemina revealed 2 (4%) while Anaplasma marginale andTheileria mutans was 7 (14%). There was a significant difference (P > 0.05)in infections caused by Anaplasma marginale, Babesia bigemina and Theileriamutans (Table 1) and also between sexes(Table 3), but there was no significant difference (P<0.05) between any of the mixedinfections observed (Table 2). The result of this study shows thesehemoparasites are endemic in the cattle under study which may result in seriousdisease conditions when such animals are subjected to stressful condition.
Ajayi, S.A., Fabiyi, J.P., Umo, I., 1983. ClinicalAnaplasmosis and Babesiosis in Friesian cattle. World Anim. Rev., 36, Pp.68.
ALDF - American Lyme Disease Foundation., 2006. (online) http://www.aldf.com/Anaplasmosis.shtml, accessed., 30 July 2013, 15:46:27.
Ameen, K.A.H., Abdullah, B.A., Abdul-Razaq, R.A., 2012. Seroprevalence of Babesia bigemina and Anaplasma marginale in domestic animals in Erbil, Iraq, Proceedings of the 6th Scientific Conference, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Mosul, Iraq. J. Veter. Sci., Vol. 26, Supplement III, (109-114).
Bell-sayki, L., Koney, E.B.M., Dogbey, O., Walker, A.R., 2004. Incidence and prevalence of tick-borne haemoparasites in domestic ruminants in Ghana. Veter. Parasitol., 124, 1-2. Pp. 25-42.CDC, 2006. Diagnosis and Management of Tickborne Rickettsial Diseases: Rocky MountainSpotted Fever, Ehrlichioses, and Anaplasmosis --- United States A Practical Guide for Physicians and Other Health-Care and Public Health Professionals., 55(RR04),1-27.
DelaFuente, J., Ruybal, P., Mtshali, M.S., Naranjo, V., LisMangold, A.J., Rodr2'guez, S.D., Jime'nez, R., Vicente, J., Moretta, R., Torina, A., Almaza'n, C., Mbati, P.M., Torioni, E.S., Farber, M., Rosario- Cruz, R., Gortazar, C., Kocan, K.M., 2007. Analysis of world strains of Anaplasma marginale using major surface protein 1a repeat sequences. Veter. Microbiol., 119, 382-390.
Dreaming of Farin Ruwa | GlobalPost, (online): http//en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nasarawa¬ State,accessed date: 29/7/2013,17:15p.m.
Dumler, J.S., Choi, K.S., Garcia-Garcia, J.C., 2005. Human granulocytic anaplasmosis and Anaplasma phagocytophilum. Emerg. Infect. Dis., 11 (12), 1828–34.
EFSA (European Food Safety Authority)., 2010. Scientific Opinion on Geographic distribution of Tick-borne Infections and their Vectors in Europe and the other Regions of the Mediterranean Basin1, J., 8(9), 1723.
Enwezor, F.N.C., Umoh, J.U., Esievo, K.A.N., Halid, I., Zaria, L.T., Anere, J.I., 2009. Survey of bovine trypano somosis in the Kachia Grazing Reserve,Kaduna State, Nigeria. Veter. Parasitol., 159, 121–125.
Haigh, J., Gerwing, V., Erdenebaatar, J., Hill, J., 2008. A novel clinical syndrome and detection of Anaplasma ovis in Mongolian reindeer (Rangifer tarandus). J. Wildlife Dis., 44(3), 569-577.
Holmes, P.H., Katunguka-Rwakishaya, E., Benninson, J.J., Wassink, G.J., Parkins, J.J., 2000. Impact of nutrition on the pathophysiology of bovine trypanasomiasis. Parsitol., 120, S73-S85.
Hunfeld, K.P., Hildebrandt., Gray, J.S., 2008. Babesiosis: Recent insights into an ancient disease. Int. J. Para., 38(11),1219-1237.
Jonsson, N.N., Bock, R.E., Jorgensen, W.K., 2008. Productivity and health effects of Anaplasmosis and babesiosis on Bos indicus cattle and their crosses, and the effects of differing intensity of tick control in Australia, Vet. Parasitol., 155 (1-2), 1 9.
Kamani, J., Sannusi, A., Egwu, O.K., Dogo, G.I., Tanko, T.J., Kemza, S., Tafarki, A.E., Gbise, D.S., 2010. Prevalence and Significance of Haemoparasitic Infections of Cattle in North- Central, Nigeria. Veter. World., 3 (10), 445-448.
Kocan, K.M., DelaFuente, J., Guglielmone, A.A., Mendeleïev, R.D., 2003. Antigens and alternatives for control of Anaplasma marginale infection in cattle, Clin. Microbiol. Rev., 16, 698-712.
Kocan, K.M., DelaFuente, J., Blouin, E.F., Garcia-Garcia, J.C., 2004. Anaplasma marginale (Rickettsiales: Anaplasmataceae): Recent advances in defining hostpathogen adaptations of a tick-borne Rickettsia. Parasitol., 129, S285-S300.
Kocan, K.M., Blouin, E.F., Barbet, A.F., 2009. Anaplasmosis control. Past, present, and future, Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci., 916, 501-509.
Krause, P.J., Corrow, C.L., Bakken, J.S., 2003. Successful treatment of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis in children using rifampin". Pediatrics., 112, (3 Pt 1).
Leeflang, P., Ilemobade, A.A., 1977. Tick-borne diseases of domestic animals in Northern Nigeria II. Research summary, 1966–1976, Trop. Anim. Hlth Prod. 9, Pp.211–218. Lyam A., 2000. Nasarawa State. In: (Mamman A.B., Oyebanji J.O. & Peters S.W. (eds)), Nigeria: A people united, a future assured. Survey of States, Vol. 2, 2, Federal Ministry of Information, Abuja.
Magona, J.W., Mayende, J.S.P., 2002. Occurrence of concurrent trypanosomosis, theileriosis, Anaplasmosis and helminthosis in Friesian, Zebu and Sahiwal cattle in Uganda. Onderstepoort. J. Veter. Res., 69, 133-140.
Marchette, N., Stiller, D., 1982. The Anaplasmataceae, Bartonellaceae and Rochalimaea Quintana, In: Marchette, N.J. (Ed.), Ecological Relationships and Evolution in the Rickettsiae, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA; Pp.98-106.
McCosker, P.J., 1979. Global aspects of the management and control of ticks of veterinary importance, Rec. Adv. Acarol., 11, 45-53.
Melendez, R.D., 2000. Future perspective on veterinary hemoparas ite research in the tropic at the start of this century. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci., 916, 253–258.
Micha Loebermann,Volker Fingerle, Matthias Lademann, Carlos Fritzsche, and Emil C. Reisinger., 2006. Borrelia burgdorferi and Anaplasma phagocytophilum Coinfection. Emerg. Infect. Dis., 32, 45-48.
Minjauw, B., McLeod, A., 2003. Tick-borne diseases and poverty, the impact of ticks and tick-borne diseases on the livelihood of small-scale and marginal livestock owners in India and eastern and southern Africa Research report, DFID Animal Health Programme, Centre for Tropical Veterinary Medicine, University of Edinburgh, UK.
Muhanguzi, D., Ikwap, K., Picozzi, K., Waiswa, C., 2010. Molecular Characterization of Anaplasma and Ehrlichia Species in Different Cattle Breeds and Age Groups in Mbarara District (Western Uganda), Int. J. Anim. Veter. Adv., 2(3), 76- 88.
National Population Commission (NPC)., 2006. Census data of 2006 Norval R.A.I., B.D. Obi T.U. and V.O. Anosa, 1980. Haematological studies on domestic animals in Nigeria IV. Clinico haematological features of bovine trypanosomiasis, theileriosis, anaplasmosis, eperythrozoonosis and helminthiasis, Zlblatt Vet. Med., B27 pp.789–797.
Perry., Young, A.S., 1992. The Epidemiology of Theileriosis in Africa, Academic Press, London. Pp. 481.
Palmer, G.H., Brown, W.C., Rurangirwa, F.R., 2000. Antigenic variation in the persistence and transmission of the Ehrlichia spp., Anaplasma marginale. Microbes Infect., 2, 167-17.
Paul, D., Mitchell, K., Reed, D., Jeanie, Hofkes, M., 1996. Immunoserologic Evidence of Coinfection with Borrelia burgdorferi, Babesia microti, and Human Granulocytic Ehrlichia Species ,in Residents of Wisconsin and Minnesota. J. Clin. Microbiol., Pp.724 - 727.
Purnell, R.E., 1981. Babesiosis in various hosts In: M. Ristic and J.P. Kreier, Editors, Babesiosis, Academic Press, New York., Pp. 25–63.
Ristic, M., 1981. Anaplasmosis. In: Miodrag, R. and McIntyre, I. (Eds.), diseases of cattle in the tropics, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, the Hague Netherlands., Pp. 327-344.
Stuen, S., Nevland, S., Moum, T., 2003. Fatal cases of tick-borne fever (TBF) in sheep caused by several 16S rRNA gene variants of Anaplasma phagocytophilum. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci., 990, 433 - 434.
Uilenberg, G., 1982. Disease problems associated with the importation of European cattle in the tropics. In proceedings 12th world congress on diseases of cattle. Amsterdam Vol., 11. Pp.1025.
Uilenberg, G., 2006. Babesia – A Historical Review. Vet. Para., 138, 3–10.
Walker, A.R., Bouattour, A., Camicas, J.L., EstradaPeña, A., Horak, I.G., Latif, A.A., Pegram, R.G., Preston, P.M., 2003. Ticks of domestic animals in Africa. A guide to identification of species. The University of Edinburgh.
Walid, MS., Ajjan, M., Patel, N., 2007. Borreliosis and Human Granulocytic Anaplasmosis Coinfection with Positive Rheumatoid Factor and Monospot Test: Case-Report. Int. J. Infect. Dis., 6 (1).
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2014 S. M. Abdullahi, Y. Idris, M. A. Alhaji, I. Kabir, S. M. Abubakar
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.