Prevalence of gastrointestinal round worms in calves in Sokoto, northwestern, Nigeria

Authors

  • Aliyu Mahmuda Department of Parasitology and Entomology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, P.M.B. 2346, Sokoto, Nigeria
  • Yusuf Yakubu Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, P.M.B. 2346, Sokoto, Nigeria
  • Abdullahi Abdulllahi Raji Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, P.M.B. 2346, Sokoto, Nigeria
  • Nafiu Lawal Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, P.M.B. 2346, Sokoto, Nigeria
  • Bashir Saidu Department of Physiology and Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, P.M.B. 2346, Sokoto, Nigeria
  • Abubakar Danmaigoro Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, P.M.B. 2346, Sokoto, Nigeria
  • Abdulrahman Bello Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, P.M.B. 2346, Sokoto, Nigeria

Keywords:

Prevalence, Gastrointestinal, Roundworm, Calves, Sokoto, Northwestern

Abstract

An investigation to determine the prevalence and distribution of gastrointestinal roundworms in calves in Sokoto metropolis was carried out. A total of 216 faecal samples from calves were examined using Modified McMaster technique for morphological egg differentiation and count of worm-egg per gram of faeces of the sampled calves. Positive samples were cultured to differentiate between morphologically indistinguishable nematode genera. An overall prevalence was found to be 133 (61.57%). Eight different nematode genera were identified with Cooperia spp being highest in prevalence (28.78%) followed by Haemonchus spp (26.76%) and the least was Toxocara spp (0.50%). The prevalence was generally higher in females (56.39%) than in males (43.61%).

References

Anon, 2001. Sokoto State - the seat of the Caliphate, In: Sokoto State Government diary. Pp 2-8.

Ballweber, L.R., 2006. Diagnostic methods for parasitic infections. Vet. Clin. Food Anim. 22, 695-705.

Gasbarre, L.C., Sonstegard, T., VanTassell, C.P., Araujo, R., 2004. Using host genomics to control nematode

infections. Vet. Parasitol. 125, 155–161.

Gruner, L., Raynaud, J.P., 1980. Technique allegee´ de pre´le`vements d’herbe et de nume´ration, pour juger de

l’infestation des paˆturages de bovins par les larves de ne´matodes parasites. Rev. Me´d. Vet. 131, 521–529.

Hansen, J., Perry, B., 1994. The Epidemiology, Diagnosis and Control of Helminth Parasites of Ruminants; (ILRAD,

Nairobi, Kenya), Pp 123-141.

Iloeje, N.P., 1971. Where is Nigeria and who are Nigerians? In: A New Geography of Nigeria, Vol. I., Pp14.

Keith, R.K., 1953. The Differenciation of the infective larvae of some common nematode parasites of cattle.

Australian J. Zoo. 1, 223-235.

Keyyu, J.D., Kassaku, A.A., Kyvsgaard, N.C., Willingham, A.L., 2003. Gastrointestinal nematodes in indigenous zebu

cattle under pastural and nomadic management systems in the lower plain of southern highlands of

Tanzania. Vet. Res. Commun. 27, 371-380.

Lee, R.P., 1955.Report on preliminary investigation of bovine parasitic gastro-enteritis in Western Region of

Nigeria. Federal Department of Veterinary Research, Vom, Nigeria. 28pp.

Maclean, J.M., Bairden, K., Holmes, P.H., Mulligan, W., McWilliam, P.N., 1992. Sequential in vivo measurements of

body composition of calves exposed to natural infections with gastrointestinal nematodes. Res. Vet. Sci. 53:

–389.

Maichomo, M.W., Kagira, J.M., Walker, T., 2004. The point prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in calves, sheep

and goats in Magadi division, south-western Kenya. Ondersterpoort J. Vet. Res. 71, 257-261.

Morley, F.H.W., Donald, A.D., 1980. Farm management and systems of helminth control. Vet. Parasitol. 6, 105-134.

Nwosu, C.O., Madu, P.P., Richards, W.S., 2007. Prevalence and seasonal changes in the population of

gastrointestinal nematodes of small ruminants in the semi-arid zone of north-eastern Nigeria. Vet. Parasitol.

, 118-124.

Nesru, H.M., 1998. Study on calf mortality of Adami Tulu Research Center In: Proceedings of 5th conference of ESAP

(Ethiopan Society of Animal Production) Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Pandey, V.S., Chitate, F., Nyanzunda, T.M., 1993. Epidemiological observations on gastrointestinal nematodes in

communal land cattle from the highveld of Zimbabwe. Vet. Parasitol. 51, 99-106.

Roberts, F.H.S., O'Sullivan, P.J., 1950. Methods for egg counts and larval cultures for strongyles infecting the

gastrointestinal tract of cattle. Austr. J. Agri. Res. 1, 99-102.

Schillhorn van Veen, T. W., Shonekan, R.A.O., Fabiyi, J.P., 1975. Host-parasite checklist of helminth parasites of

domestic animals in northern Nigeria. Bulletin of Epizootic Diseases of Africa.

Sprent, J.F.A., 1946. Some observations on the bionomics of Bunostomum phlebotomum; a hookworm of cattle.

Parasitol. 37, 202-210.

Swai, E.S., Mtui, P.F., Mbise, A.N., Kaaya, E., Sanka, P., Loomu, P.M., 2006. Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasite

infections in Maasai cattle in Ngorongoro District, Tanzania. Livest. Res. Rur. Develop. 18, Article #8.

Retrieved September 5, 2006, from http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd18/8/swai18107.htm

Taylor, M.A., Coop, R.L., Wall, R.L., 2007. Veterinary Parasitology 3rd ed. Blackwell Publishing Ltd. 771pp.

Thienpont D., Rochette F., Vanparijs O.F.J., 1986. "Diagnose van verminosen door coprologisch onderzoek",

Janssen Research Foundation, Beerse, Belgium, pp. 19-43.

Tizard, I.B., 1996. Veterinary immunology. An introduction; Immune response of new borne animals, 5th edn.

Department of Pathology, the Texas Veterinary Medicine Centre, Texas A&M University, College Station,

Texas, 241-250.

Waruiru, R.M., Nansen, P., Kyvsgaard, N.C., Thamsborg, S.M., Munyua, W.K., Gathuma, F.L., Bogh, H.O., 1998. An

abattoir survey of gastrointestinal nematode infections in cattle in the central highlands of Kenya. Vet. Res.

Commun. 22, 325-334.

Williamson, G., Payne, W.J.A., 1978. An Introduction to Animal Husbandry in the Tropics. 2nd edn (Longmans,

London), 171.

Published

2012-09-30

How to Cite

Mahmuda, A. ., Yakubu, Y. ., Abdulllahi Raji, A. ., Lawal, N. ., Saidu, B. ., Danmaigoro, A. ., & Bello, A. . (2012). Prevalence of gastrointestinal round worms in calves in Sokoto, northwestern, Nigeria. Scientific Journal of Zoology, 1(2), 26-30. Retrieved from https://www.sjournals.com/index.php/sjz/article/view/1188

Issue

Section

Original Article