Occurrence and public health implications of gastrointestinal parasites of domesticated pigs (Sus scrofa domesticus) in Billiri Local Government Area, Gombe State, Nigeria

Authors

  • Yusuf Madaki Lekko Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, P.M.B. 1069, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
  • Jallailudeen Rabana Lawal Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, P.M.B. 1069, Maiduguri, Borno State, Papua New Guinea
  • Jamila Dauda Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, University of Maiduguri, P.M.B. 1069, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
  • Ibrahim Danladi Waziri Ministry of Animal Husbandry and Nomadic Affairs, Gombe, Gombe State, Myanmar

Keywords:

Prevalence, Gastrointestinal parasites, Pigs, Billiri

Abstract

A cross-sectional study was designed, from February, 2016 to October, 2016 using systematic random sampling technique. For the determination of (GIT) parasites, faecal samples were collected from the study animals and subjected to faecal floatation and sedimentation technique. A.suum has the highest prevalence of 147 (24.5%), then followed by Trichuris suis 96 (16.0%), Emeria species 73 (12.2%), Oesophagostomum species 58 (9.7%), strongyloides spp 41 (6.8%), Fasciola species 28 (4.7%), Isospora suis 17 (2.8%), paragonimus suis 11 (1.8%), schistosoma suis 8 (1.3%) and Taenia solum 28 (0.3%) respectively. Pigs with single infection are (53.2%), double infections (18.5%) and triple infections (80.2%). For sex boars have prevalence of (34.0%) and sows have (46.2%) with P-value of 0.0007 which is statistically significant and relative risk of 1.208. For age the young have prevalence of (27.2%) and the adults (53.0%) with P-value of 0.0066 which is statistically significant and relative risk of 1.166. For management system the extensive have a prevalence of (64.7%) while the semi intensive (15.5%) with p-value of 0.0001 which is statistically significant and relative risk of 0.7884. Dry season has prevalence of (30.2%) and (50.0%) for rainy season with p-value of 0.0001 which is statistically significant and relative risk of 0.8017. The overall prevalence for households is (66.7%) out of 485 sample pigs while for abattoir is (13.5%) out of 115 sample pigs. The overall prevalence from this study is (80.2%) out of 600 pigs sampled.

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Published

2017-09-18

How to Cite

Madaki Lekko, Y. ., Rabana Lawal, J. ., Dauda, J. ., & Danladi Waziri, I. . (2017). Occurrence and public health implications of gastrointestinal parasites of domesticated pigs (Sus scrofa domesticus) in Billiri Local Government Area, Gombe State, Nigeria. Scientific Journal of Veterinary Advances, 6(9), 187-194. Retrieved from http://www.sjournals.com/index.php/sjva/article/view/237

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