Some aspects of breeding habits of the red-vented bulbul (Pycnonotus Cafer) in the Cauvery delta region of southern India

Authors

  • P. Radhakrishnan Department of Zoology and Wildlife Biology, A.V.C. College (Autonomous), Mannampandal, Mayiladuthurai, Tamil Nadu 609305, India
  • S. Asokan Department of Zoology and Wildlife Biology, A.V.C. College (Autonomous), Mannampandal, Mayiladuthurai, Tamil Nadu 609305, India

Keywords:

Red-vented bulbul, nest sites, eggs, breeding success

Abstract

Breeding habits of the Red-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus cafer) was studied in a portion of Cauvery delta region of Nagapattinam District, Southern India during 2012 to 2013. A total of 52 active nests were located in the study area out of which majority of nests (56.5%) were in the  fork  of trees followed by middle of the trees (28.3%) and  the top (15.2%) of the trees. Preferred nest height (60%) by the Red-vented Bulbul was 2-4m from the ground. Plant species used for nest building by the Red-vented Bulbul was Azadirachta indicaHibiscus rosasinensisMorinda tinctoriaLawsonia inermisCommiphora caudateCroton bonplandianum and Musa paradisiaca.  The clutch size varied from 2 to 4. Mean incubation period was 12.5 ± 0.85 days and both sexes took part in the incubation. The mean hatching, fledgling and breeding success was 79.3%, 80% and 63.4% respectively.

References

Ali, S., 1930. Causalities among the eggs and young of small birds. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 34, 1062–1067.

Ali, S., Ripley, S.D., 1987. Handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan together with those of Bangladesh, Nepal. Bhutan and Sri Lanka. Oxford Uni. Press, New Delhi.

Ali, S., Ripley, S.D., 1971. Handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan. Vol. 6. Oxford Univ. Press, New York, USA.

Balakrishnan, P. 2010. Reproductive biology of the Square-tailed Black Bulbul Hypsipetes ganeesa in the Western Ghats, India. Indian Birds 5, 134–138.

Balakrishnan, P., 2007. Status, distribution and ecology of the Grey-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus priocephalus in the Western Ghats, India. Ph.D. Thesis. Bharathiar University, Coimbatore.

Balant, J.L., 1993. Nest­site selection and reproductive biology of roof and island nesting Herring Gulls. Trans. 58th N.A. Wildl. Natur. Res. Confer.

Bhatt, D., Kumar, A., 2001. Foraging ecology of Red-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus cafer in Haridwar, India. Forktail 17: 109–110.

Dabert, J. 1987. Breeding biology of the Feral Pigeon in Poznan, Poland. Acta Ornithol., 23, 77­195.

Dutt, N.B., 1932. Bulbul in Calcutta and its suburbs. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 35, 895–896.

Fishpool, L.D.C., Tobias, J.A., 2005. Family Pycnonotidae (bulbuls). Pp. 124-253. In: del Hoyo, J., A. Eliott and D.A. Christie (Eds). Handbook of the Birds of the World. Vol. 10. Lynx Editions, Barcelona.

Grimmett, R., Inskipp, C., Inskipp, T., 1998. Birds of Indian subcontinent. Oxford University Press, London.

Hsu, M.., Lin, Y.S., 1994. The annual cycle of the Chinese Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis formosae in Taiwan. Acta Zool. Taiwan., 5, 33–39.

Kruger, O., 2004. Breeding biology of Cape Bulbul Pycnonotus capensis: a 40 year comparison. Ostrich 75, 211–216.

Kumar, A., Bhatt, D., 2000. Vocal signals in a tropical avian species, the red-vented bulbul Pycnonotus cafer: their characteristics and importance. J. Biosci., 25, 387–396.

Kumar, A., 2010. Communication value of displays and postures in Red-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus cafer (Aves: Pycnonotidae). J. Threat., Taxa 2, 919-929.

Kumar, A., 2004. Acoustic communication in the Red-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus cafer. Anais da Acad. Brasil. de Ciências., 76, 350–358.

Lamba, B.S., 1968. Wire notes of Red-vented Bulbul (P. cafer L). J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 68, 2-22.

Manjunath, G., Joshi, B., 2012. Variation in birdsong of Red-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus cafer) inhabiting two different locations. J. Exp. Sci., 3, 21–25.

McCann, M., 1931. Notes on the nesting habit of the Red-vented Bulbul (M. cafer)., Ibis 35, 680–681.

Moyle, R.G., Marks, B.D., 2006. Phylogenetic relationships of the bulbuls (Aves: Pycnonotidae) based on mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequence data. Mol. Phylo. Evol., 40, 687–695.

Newton, I. 1964. Breed. Boil. Chaff., Bird Study 2, 47–68.

Parajapati, S.H., Patel, C.D., Parmar, R.V.P., Patel, M.I., 2011. Breeding performance of Red-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus cafer). Life Sci., Leaflets 11, 298–304.

Pasquet, E., Han, L.X., Khobket, O., Cibois, A., 2001. Towards a molecular systematics of the genus Criniger, and a preliminary phylogeny of the bulbuls (Aves, Passeriformes, Pycnonotidae)., Zoosystema 23, 857–863.

Patel, M.I., 1986. Ecological studies on the Feral Pigeons in a tropical urban area. Ph.D. Thesis. Saurashtra University, Rajkot.

Prasanth, J.J., Rao, V.V., Nagulu, V., 1994. Nesting, egg size, incubation and factors affecting clutch size in Little Egret, Egretta garzetta at Nellore Andhra Pradesh., Pavo 32, 67–72.

Rasmussen, P.C., Anderton, J.C., 2005. Birds of South Asia: The Ripley Guide. Vol. 1: Field Guide. Lynx Editions, Barcelona.

Vijayan, V.S., 1980. Breeding biology of bulbuls, Pycnonotus cafer and Pycnonoyus luteolus with special reference to their ecological isolation. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 75, 1090–1117.

Watling, D., 1983. The breeding biology of the Red-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus cafer in Fiji., Emu 83, 173–180.

Woxvold, I.A., Duckworth, J.W., Timmins, R.J., 2009. An unusual new bulbul (Passeriformes: Pycnonotidae) from the limestone Karst of Lao PDR. Forktail 25, 1–12.

Zia, U., Ansari, M.S., Akhter, S., Rakha, B.A., 2014. Breeding biology of Red-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus Cafer) in the area of Rawalpindi/Islamabad. J. Anim. Plant Sci., 24, 656–659.

Published

2014-06-27

How to Cite

Radhakrishnan, P. ., & Asokan, S. . (2014). Some aspects of breeding habits of the red-vented bulbul (Pycnonotus Cafer) in the Cauvery delta region of southern India. Scientific Journal of Zoology, 3(6), 50-55. Retrieved from http://www.sjournals.com/index.php/sjz/article/view/1150

Issue

Section

Original Article