In vitro acaricidal effect of Syzygium aromaticum and Cymbopogon citratus essential oil on engorged female of cattle tick Rhipicephalus microplus in Benin

Authors

  • Roland Eric Yessinou University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), Polytechnic School of Abomey- Calavi (EPAC) Production and Animal Health Department, Applied Biology Research Laboratory (LARBA) 01 Po.Box: 2009 Cotonou, Benin
  • Justin Adinci University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), Polytechnic School of Abomey- Calavi (EPAC) Production and Animal Health Department, Applied Biology Research Laboratory (LARBA) 01 Po.Box: 2009 Cotonou, Benin
  • Philippe Sessou University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), Polytechnic School of Abomey- Calavi (EPAC) Production and Animal Health Department, Applied Biology Research Laboratory (LARBA) 01 Po.Box: 2009 Cotonou, Laboratory of Study Research and in Applied Chemistry. Polytechnic School of Abomey- Calavi, University of Abomey- Calavi, Benin
  • Safiou Adehan National Institute for Scientific Research, Research Center of Agonkanmey (CRA / INRAB), Abomey-Calavi, Benin
  • Arétas Tonouweha University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), Polytechnic School of Abomey- Calavi (EPAC) Production and Animal Health Department, Applied Biology Research Laboratory (LARBA) 01 Po.Box: 2009 Cotonou, Benin
  • Yao Akpo University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), Polytechnic School of Abomey- Calavi (EPAC) Production and Animal Health Department, Applied Biology Research Laboratory (LARBA) 01 Po.Box: 2009 Cotonou, Benin
  • Camus Adoligbe University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), Polytechnic School of Abomey- Calavi (EPAC) Production and Animal Health Department, Applied Biology Research Laboratory (LARBA) 01 Po.Box: 2009 Cotonou, Benin
  • Marc Napoléon Assogba University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), Polytechnic School of Abomey- Calavi (EPAC) Production and Animal Health Department, Applied Biology Research Laboratory (LARBA) 01 Po.Box: 2009 Cotonou, Benin
  • Benoit Koutinhouin University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), Polytechnic School of Abomey- Calavi (EPAC) Production and Animal Health Department, Applied Biology Research Laboratory (LARBA) 01 Po.Box: 2009 Cotonou, Benin
  • Abdou Karim Issaka Youssao University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), Polytechnic School of Abomey- Calavi (EPAC) Production and Animal Health Department, Applied Biology Research Laboratory (LARBA) 01 Po.Box: 2009 Cotonou, Benin
  • Souaïbou Farougou University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), Polytechnic School of Abomey- Calavi (EPAC) Production and Animal Health Department, Applied Biology Research Laboratory (LARBA) 01 Po.Box: 2009 Cotonou, Benin

Keywords:

Tick, Rhipicephalus microplus, Syzygium aromaticum, Cymbopogon citratus

Abstract

Ticks are external parasites of livestock and vector of several pathogens in infected animals. They lower production performances, which result in severe economic losses for breeders. So far a number of synthetic acaricide are used for the control of Rhipicephalus microplus. However, as a consequence of their extensive use, this tick specie has developed a resistance to the major classes of acaricide.  In order to limit resistance and reduce the invasion of this tick, we have evaluated the potential acaricide action of Syzygium aromaticum of Cymbopogon citratus essential oils and their mixture of engorged females Rhipicephalus microplus. The Adults Immersion Test carried out showed sensitivity of ticks to the extract of Syzygium aromaticum and Cymbopogon citratus essential oil: 100% mortality of engorged female was obtained at the highest concentration, 10mg/ml, for the two essential oils. The mixture of Syzygium aromaticum and Cymbopogon citratus oil induced 100% death at a concentration of 1.25mg / ml. The lethal doses 50, 90 and 99% of individuals was calculated. The highest oviposition inhibition rate (90.3% for Syzygium aromaticum and 60.7% for Cymbopogon citratus) was obtained at a concentration of 10mg/ml. However, no oviposition was seen from a concentration of 1.25mg /ml of the oil mixture. The results relevant to hatching reduction rate were similar. Hence, Syzygium aromaticum and Cymbopogon citratus essential oil mixture could be used as an alternative solution  in the fight against ticks.

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Published

2016-03-25

How to Cite

Eric Yessinou, R. ., Adinci, J. ., Sessou, P. ., Adehan, S. ., Tonouweha, A. ., Akpo, Y. ., Adoligbe, C. ., Napoléon Assogba, M. ., Koutinhouin, B. ., Issaka Youssao, A. K. ., & Farougou, S. . (2016). In vitro acaricidal effect of Syzygium aromaticum and Cymbopogon citratus essential oil on engorged female of cattle tick Rhipicephalus microplus in Benin. Scientific Journal of Veterinary Advances, 5(3), 80-86. Retrieved from http://www.sjournals.com/index.php/sjva/article/view/257

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